Monday, November 28, 2022

Manna Dey's knack for singing classical songs may have been disadvantageous for his career in filmdom, but the singer honoured with the Dadasaheb Phalke Award will be remembered for his versatility and masculine style of rendering love songs.

Dey proved his flexibility and versatility by going behind the mike for a range of songs like `Aaja sanam madhur chandani main hum`, `Chunari sambhal gori udi chali jaye re`, `Zindagi kaisi hai paheli` and `Chalat musafir moh liyo re`.All thanks to Shankar-Jaikishan, the composer duo who offered him a variety of songs.

Labelled as a classical singer, the music genius did not get due recognition compared to others, but he managed to sing over 3,500 songs in his decades long career, and Manna Dey's work helped him win some of the highest honours in the field of art and culture.

In his memoir `Jiboner Jolshaghorey` (translated in English as 'Memories Come Alive'), Manna Dey thanked Shankar-Jaikishan, who closely worked with Raj Kapoor in films like `Awara` and `Shree 420`, for sensing that his masculine style of rendering love songs would appeal to the public. He especially mentioned that had it not been for Shanker's patronage, he would certainly not have attained the heights of success that he enjoyed in his career and that Shanker was one man who knew how to bring out the best in him.

If he was thankful to Shankar-Jaikishan for tapping his versatility, he also credited actor-filmmaker Raj Kapoor whom he considered as an icon, for seeing the potential in his singing. Raj Kapoor gave him hit songs like 'Pyaar hua ikraar hua' and 'Yeh raat bheegi bheegi' which proved his Úlan for singing love songs.

The Shankar-Jaikishan, Raj Kapoor and Manna Dey team gave many hits, including `Tere bina aag yeh chandni`, `Mudh mudh ke na dekh`, `Ae bhai zara dekh ke chalo` and `Yashomati maiya se bole Nandlala`.

Born as Prabodh Chandra Dey May 1, 1919, to Purna Chandra and Mahamaya Dey, Manna Dey's singing talent was noticed in his young years and his uncle K.C. Dey, who was visually impaired, took him under his wings and mentored him. Manna Dey also took lessons from Ustad Dabir Khan.

Very few would know that legendary composer S.D. Burman was K.C. Dey's student, and as a youngster Manna Dey used to idolise him.

Known as an open-throated singer, Manna Dey learnt the art from his uncle, a singer with mastery over many Indian musical genres.

At the age of 23, Manna Dey came to Mumbai, accompanying his uncle. As luck would have it, he got his first assignment when his uncle refused to sing for composer Shankar Rao Vyas, the song fell into Manna's lap, and thus with `Gayi tu gayi` from `Ram Rajya` (1943) he embarked on his journey as a playback singer in Hindi films.

Although his first break came to him easily and in the same year he even got a chance to sing a duet with Suraiya, one of the reigning queens of the era, in `Tamanna`, his career didn't take off in a big way until his first solo `Upar gagan vishal`, composed by S.D. Burman for 1950 film `Mashal`, happened.

`Upar gagan vishal` gave the big break needed in his singing career and Manna Dey won many battles as a singer though fighting only for second place as the top spot those days was reserved for Mohammad Rafi and Mukesh.

During his struggling days, he assisted composers like S.D. Burman, Khemchand Prakash and composed music for several mythological films at the ripe age of 25.

Later, Manna Dey worked with several celebrated peers and went behind the mike to sing classical masterpieces like `Puchho na kaise maine rain bitayee` and `Laga chunari main daag`.

He also crooned romantic numbers like `Aaja sanam madhur chandani main hum` and `Ye raat bheegi bheegi` with the same elan.

Music lovers and fans were moved when he rendered patriotic song `Ay mere pyare watan ay mere bichhade chaman` and wistful number `Tu pyaar ka sagar hai`.

He also struck the right chord with the listeners with fun and naughty numbers `Ek chatur naar` or `Chunari sambhal gori` or `Ay meri zoharajabi`!

How can one forget `Yaari hai imaan mera yaar meri zindagi`, a song from `Zanjeer` that epitomised friendship on the celluloid?

He sang in 14 Indian languages, including Bengali, Punjabi Malayalam and Gujarati.

A recipient of many honours, he was decorated with Padma Shri in 1971, Padma Bhushan in 2005, and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, the country's highest honour in cinematic arts, was conferred on the veteran singer in 2007.

He also won National Award for best male playback singer for the film `Mere Huzur` in 1969 and in 1971 he won it for two films - Bengali film `Nishi Padma` and Hindi film `Mera Naam Joker`.

His oeuvre includes lending voice to legendary poet Harivansh Rai Bachchan's `Madhushala`.

Manna Dey wanted to be as versatile as his uncle, who taught him to become a full-fledged good singer, an all-India singer, and he achieved it with aplomb.

`That's how I am what I am,` he said in one of his interviews.